Rock-climbing Tips for Mature Climbers

As athletes we are told that we must always listen to our bodies. Despite this sound advice, some of us choose to unwisely ignore pain, etc. Well, for people who have reached middle-age, the body begins to speak so loudly that it cannot be ignored. Muscles become less dense, recovery takes longer, and love for the exhilarating sport of rock climbing must be tempered with common sense adjustments that account for the changes that come with age. ‘Mature climbers’ – climbers between the ages 30-55 years – should know that these changes often mean modifying not ending participation in the sport we all love so dearly. Here are our tips for mature climbers who wish to participate in our Colorado adventure trips.Rock Climbing Mountaineer Climber Mountaineering


Adjustments to Make Due to Aging


  • Check with your doctor: This is the single most important advice we can give to anyone undertaking rock climbing especially older participants. Have your lungs, joints, heart, etc., checked out before rock-climbing and heed the counsel of your doctor.
  • Work on your flexibility: Greater flexibility helps decrease injuries significantly. Moreover, stretching increases blood flow to the muscles and increases athletic performance in people of all ages. As we age, the tissues around our joints tend to get thicker. This decreases the range of motion of our joints. Additionally, our cartilage tends to decrease as well in old age. To compensate maintain a regimen of light stretches to help minimize these effects of aging.
  • Be smart about injuries: We started out this post saying how athletes should always listen to their bodies. This applies even more to older athletes. Don’t ignore pain. Also allow for extra time for recovery than would be needed for younger participants. Also, see a physician if you develop chronic pain.
  • Adjust your objectives: So you may no longer be able to speedily power through climbs/boulders. Use your time more wisely to develop your overall technique.


  • Join age specific groups: Although rock climbing has traditionally been dominated by younger people, there are groups forming all over the country that cater to older climbers.


Finally, there are many climbers who remain active into their 50s such as Stevie Haston (GB) and Fransisco Marin (ESP) who both climb in the 5.14 / 8b+ or harder range. This fact indicates that climbing is a lifelong sport unlike football, boxing, etc. Climbing into middle age and beyond simply takes common sense and a modification of your goals and training routine. You should also, as we said earlier, consult and follow the advice of your doctor before you begin rock climbing. If you are interested in rock climbing near Denver age is not necessarily a deterrent.

Dietary Suggestions for Rock Climbers

When rock climbers gather together in order to present themselves with their latest challenge they inspire each other. Each is there to meet or surpass some personal or physical goal and that requires dedication, the proper training and focus. But there is something else that helps rock climbers to achieve those goals. That thing is the fuel we put into our bodies. The proper diet will put you on the path to optimal performance and give you the edge you need. Here are a few suggestions you may wish to consider when fueling your internal engine.


Fluids (preferably water) and carbohydrates should be at the heart of any pre-climb meal. Carbohydrates are necessary because glucose is derived from it. Glucose is used and stored by the body for energy. Raise your pre-climb blood-glucose levels with the following foods: cereal, dried fruit, bananas, quick oats, rice milk and sweet potatoes. Slowly digested carbohydrates include: brown rice, quinoa or beans. Avoid consuming too much fat and time your meals according to when you will be climbing. Try to consume at least 25 to 30 grams of carbohydrates within 30 minutes of your climb.


In order to avoid muscle fatigue and to keep energy levels up while climbing, consider consuming slowly digested carbohydrate sources such as mango, apricots, or apples, nut butter packets with honey or maple syrup, jerky, trail mix, and gels. These foods will provide you with the vitamins, nutrients and oxidants you need and can help not only in energy production but in recovery as well.


Recovery is that time that starts the moment you stop climbing till the moment you begin again. Rock climbing causes muscle breakdown and glycogen depletion. You will have to eat the right foods in order to help your body repair the damage done to irock-climbing-924842_960_720t by prolonged intense physical activity. Within thirty minutes after your climb refuel with carbohydrates and protein. Try foods such as berries, buckwheat, wild rice, leafy greens, yams, legumes like lentils and beans, chicken breast, steel-cut oats, and honey or maple syrup as a sweetener.

The bottom line is that you should pay as much attention to your diet as you do other aspects of your training. A proper, balanced diet will serve as a generator giving your body the energy it needs to perform optimally and the nutrients it needs to recover once you are done climbing. Additionally, remember to stay properly hydrated with either water or a sports drink. Strive for 50% to 60% carbohydrates, 30% to 35% protein and 20% to 25% fat. Rock climbing in Denver Colorado can be challenging but it can be made easier when climbers diet wisely.

Tips for Novice Hikers and Backpackers

What is obvious to expert hikers and backpackers may not be obvious to novices – hiking is not the same as walking on a paved road or track. Hiking and backpacking along a rugged mountain trail for example involves more equipment, greater preparation and precautions that an ordinary walk does. They both provide an excellent cardiovascular workout but hiking and backpacking are more intense and involve greater knowledge of yourself, your equipment and your surroundings. Here are some tips for beginners who are interested in joining us on one of our Colorado adventure trips just as the crisp fall air settles in across the country.

Pack the essentials: These items include: Map & compass, sunglasses & sunscreen, extra clothing, a flashlight, first-aid supplies, waterproof matches, repair kit and tools, extra food and water and emergency shelter such as a tent. If you have questions about other supplies you will need when accompanying us on one of our adventure trips don’t hesitate to ask us.

Buy the correct clothing:  Invest in a sturdy, well-made pair of hiking shoes and socks. It is an absolute necessity that you find clothing that can protect your feet. When it comes to other types of clothing, don’t forget to dress in layers and to avoid wearing cotton. Cotton gets damp easily as you sweat and can lead to chafing.

Feed yourself:  You need food for energy and water for hydration when hiking. Without the proper nutrients you will not have enough energy to make it through your new hiking adventures.

Travel with qualified, experienced hikers: Our experts can instruct you on all you will need to make your hiking adventure safe, fun and memorable. Finding an experienced instructor is a necessity for novice hikers.

Choose an appropriate backpack: When choosing a backpack, consider the following factors: Capacity, size and adjustability.

Pace yourself: Conserve your energy on particularly long hikes. Follow your instructor’s advice on your pacing and the distance you are able to handle at first. No one expects a novice to be able to outlast his instructor and other more experienced hikers.

Respect the land: Keep our natural spaces pristine by not littering. Every outdoor enthusiast will respect you for your efforts.

Use these tips and visit Apex Ex and we guarantee that as a beginner you will come to love this exhilarating activity as much as we do. Our lessons are fun and you will be among people who share your passion for the outdoors and who are learning right along with you. Hope to see you out on the trail this fall with one of our trained experts!apexex

How Yoga Can Make You a Better Rock Climber



At first glance, there are probably no two activities that would seem to be further apart than yoga and rock climbiOLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAng.  However, for people who can put their preconceived notions about both activities aside there are actually many ways that the two complement each other.  For example, one thing that yoga shares with rock climbing is that practitioners of both strive to develop balance.

The other thing that yoga and rock climbing share is that practitioners of both seek to achieve clarity and concentration as they work to accomplish the goals each has set.  Others ways that rock climbers benefit from yoga include:

  • Increased core strength
  • Great body awareness:
  • Greater flexibility particularly in the hips, hamstrings and shoulders
  • Increased blood flow
  • More energy

Because many rock climbers have noticed how yoga helps benefits their performance, experts even recommended specific poses that are useful.  Here are just few and how each benefits climbers.

  • The Mountain: The most basic of yoga postures, this pose helps build overall strength and stillness.
  • The Eagle: Standing with knees bent, one leg wrapped around another in a crouching position, this pose helps build balance and stretches the latissimus dorsi, trapezius, and deltoid muscles.
  • The Warrior I: This pose increases balance and strengthens many lower body muscle groups.
  • The Downward Dog: Dropping to the hands and knees and creating an arch with your posterior, this pose helps strength the lats and stretches the hamstrings.
  • Half Moon Pose: This pose helps strength the legs and promotes overall balance.
  • Seated Twist: The benefit to this pose is that it helps make twisting motions easier for climbers.
  • Standing Forward Bend: This exercise helps build flexibility and loosens the hamstrings.
  • Standing Splits: This pose helps build both leg and core strength which is crucial for rock climbers.

In short, yoga can help put you in the perfect condition for rock climbing.  Many of our visitors participate in activities outside of climbing that complement and improve their abilities.  This is because our Colorado adventure trips are a challenge to the whole body.  Climbing takes an overall body awareness that few other sports do.  Rock climbing near Denver is particularly inspiring as it is not only a whole body challenge but it also exposes our climbers to indescribably beautiful scenery.  Few other sports provide both an excellent workout and at the same time expose its participants to the majestic beauty of Denver, Colorado.

Tips for Avoiding Rock Climbing Injuries




Few things cause rock climbers more frustration than being sidelined due to some injury sustained while enjoying this challenging sport.  Yet, as exasperating and painful as injuries are in this sport, tears, pulls and strains are all inevitable to a certain degree.  They can never be completely avoided.  The key to getting the most out of the sport is to make sure that recovery time never exceeds the time you spend climbing.  Knowing the best methods for reducing the chance of sustaining injuries while climbing is the best way to ensure that your climb will be fulfilling and pain-free.  Here are some tips to help reduce the risk of sustaining climbing injuries.

  • Warm up and stretch:  Beginnerplanks to rock climbing sometimes neglect to warm up before a climb.  However, stretching not only ensures that your muscles are ready for the activity you are about to undertake, it can also help aid in recovery from some kinds of injury.
  • Improve your balance:  Proper balance is critical in nearly every sport but nowhere is truer than it is for rock climbing.  Ways to increase balance include Yoga, standing on one leg for extended periods of time and plank push-ups.
  • Don’t over train:  Take time for your body to heal and rest after an injury in order to avoid making that injury worse.
  • Support your tendons by taping up:  Tendons are especially susceptible to injury while climbing.  Use strips of tape on your fingers and for climbing use sticky tape that doesn’t stretch.climbing-tape
  • Check your gear:  Climbers should diligently check ropes, harnesses, helmets, etc. before each and every climb.  Check your rope for fraying, your helmet for dents and your carabiners for signs of aging.
  • Quit if you feel pain:  The old saying ‘no pain; no gain’ does not apply to rock climbing (nor should it to any other sport).  Pain is a sign that you may have injured yourself or that injury is imminent.  If you feel pain while climbing then lower yourself immediately.  Do not try to go on or continue by using an easier route.

Finally, injury is sometimes a part of rock climbing.  However, people who excel in the sport and who gain the most enjoyment from it know that is as much about staying safe as it is about testing one’s limits.  At Apex Ex we offer Denver rock climbing classes that stress safety above all else.  We are who amateurs and professionals go to for rock climbing in Denver Colorado.

Picking the Right Climbing Shoe



Starting out on a firm foundation is everything when it comes to all sports and for rock climbing this means having the proper training, conditioning and equipment to aid in the ascent to the top. rock climbing At Apex Colorado Adventure Trips we offer rock climbing classes in Denver that will help you develop a climber’s strength, endurance, agility, balance and mental control.  However, no climber can successfully challenge any mountain or wall without first possessing the proper equipment.  Here, shoes are one of the most important things a climber can have for they are more than simple attire.  Having the right type of shoe is essential to the sport.  Here are some tips to help you make the right selection when it comes to choosing shoes.

When choosing the right climbing shoe there are three primary considerations:  Shoe type, shoe features and fit.  The type of shoe you choose depends very much on the types of surface you will be climbing.  Shoe features – such as linings, straps, etc. – can also play a significant part in your overall performance.  Finally, shoe fit affects performance as well.  There are several basic things to remember when choosing just the type of climbing shoes to buy.  The first is that they come in several different materials including leather, lined leather, synthetic and rubber types.  In general, leather shoes breathe easier than lined leather shoes while synthetic shoes are the least breathable type.  Finally, rubber shoes are stickier and softer than other shoe materials.

Next, there are several features to consider when buying climbing shoes – laces, straps and linings.  Lace-up shoes are useful in that they can be quickly removed or adjusted if the climber’s feet get to hot or uncomfortable.  Straps offer the same convenience that laced shoes offer except that are even easier to remove or adjust.  Finally, slip-on shoes don’t have laces or straps but are excellent for training and can help your feet grow stronger due to their sensitivity.

Lastly, the most import feature to consider is fit.  climbing shoeThis can mean the difference between tiring out early due to painful, ill-fitting shoes and being able to go those extra few miles.  Tips to remember when choosing a correct fit are 1) Don’t rigidly use your street shoe size, 2) Avoid shoes that have extra space in front of the toe. 3) Most climbing use European shoe sizes.  Find a conversion table online to make the most of your selection.

In short, we want to make sure that you get the most out of rock climbing in Denver Co when you visit Apex Colorado Adventure Trips.  This means providing you with the expert training needed to develop the special skill set that rock climbing requires.  This requires you to have the proper equipment needed in order to excel and to keep other climbers and yourself safe.


Tips for Improving Forearm and Hand Strength



Golfers, tennis players, gymnasts and marital artists all share one thing in common – peak performance in their respective sports would not be possible without superior forearm and hand strength.  These athletes cannot afford to ignore this area of fitness training as many other people do.  Yet, as criticaColorado adventure tripsl as hand and forearm conditioning is for athletes in these sports, nowhere is grip strength more important than in rock climbing.  A strong grip is at the foundation of nearly every move a climber makes as he or she ascends, descends, stabilizes him or herself, etc.  Of course, more powerful forearms and hands come in time from actually participating in rock climbing; there are also ways to prepare before and during climbs to help.  Here are some ways to develop greater tendon and muscle strength for the next time you go rock climbing near Denver.

  • Hanging:  Try holding on to a chin up bar for an extended period of time and in different positions.  As your time improves, try making the exercise more difficult by widening and changing the spacing of your arms.
  • Kettlebell swinging:  This exercise not only works to improve grip but it also has cardiovascular benefits.  As swinging the kettlebell becomes easier try widening your grip by placing a towel between the handles and your hands as you swing.
  • Forearm curls:  In a seated position, Pick up a dumbbell and hold with your fist.  Let the bar roll down to your finger tips then roll it back up into your palms again.
  • Plate curls:  Instead of using a kettlebell or dumbbell, grab the ends of a plate.  Try to perform 5-6 sets of 4-8 reps with increasing weight.  This exercise strengthens the forearms and fingers.
  • Hand grips:  Use hand grips whenever possible.  The great thing about these is that you can easily carry them anyplace you go.
  • Fingertip pushups:  These utilize both opening and closing grip muscles and are for more advanced workouts but the benefits derived from them can be enormous.

Yes, superior forearm and hand strength is an asset in a variety of activities.  They are even helpful in the performance of non-sports related activities such as carrying groceries, walking a dog etc.  At Apex Ex we believe that every sport can be made more enjoyable and safer if one prepares for that sport.  Our Colorado adventure trips routinely pose challenges even for people who are in peak physical condition.  Stop by this season and put the training that you have done all year long to the test.


Spiral Learning

After letting go of the “How” I became enthralled with the “When” related to trainings and certifications with the AMGA. I have turned a corner and realized I am here for my own development as a guide and as a person. I am not here to fulfill requirements for land management red tape, job applications or social approval. Turning this corner has made all of the difference for me as I continue, evermore committed, spiraling through these opportunities.

It didn’t come up until day 4 or 5 of my Ski Guide Course. Once someone finally asked, I raised my hand, assuming that I was the oldest participant in the course. I was right, although not by much, actually. 39 barely trumped 38 and 36 wasn’t far behind. I was relieved in many ways, and still amazed at how some of my cohorts were experiencing this Ski Guide Course (SGC) in their early 20’s. I wasn’t even able to imagine myself here 10 years ago, when I realized the AMGA was a Thing. I would have loved to have been on the Guide Track when I was that young, to have pursued the trainings that could help shape my abilities and objectives. But the fact is that I wasn’t ready.

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Forrest Madsen and Brenden Cronin on Albright Peak in Teton National Park

The process has been unfolding for me slowly and I have done a great job of keeping the Christmas Eve tension along the way, tricking myself into thinking that I couldn’t possibly afford it, that it would take too much commitment and training. I have coerced myself, at times, into believing that I wasn’t capable of this feat. I have tricked myself into the idea that it didn’t matter; that I shouldn’t bother pursuing a passion for being outdoors, above the world at sunrise. We talk ourselves out of the things we are afraid of. However, usually we will learn something from confronting what we fear. This back and forth, this internal tug-of-war, proved to me that there is something worth fighting for in all of this.

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Michael Wachs skiing Albright

I took the SGC at just the right time in my own development. Of all the entry level courses, I had waited to take this one, driven mostly by insecurity, to be honest. Rock was more familiar and the slow process of alpine climbing is far different than the fast pace of skiing downhill. But I had to jump in at some point. I figured, at least after having taken courses for Rock and Alpine I could short rope and build efficient systems. There was just this matter of feeling like I still needed to learn how to ski…

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Brenden Cronin lowering two riders, JHMR

After being filmed and then critiqued on the first day of the course, I came to find out that my skiing is up to par, despite my fears of being inadequately experienced. In fact, as it turns out, I am a Skier, I love skiing, and am good at it. I still have plenty of work to do, more mindful skiing, trying to keep the upper body quieter and stay squared up to the fall line. On the last day of the course, the morning of our debrief, a friend of mine from Victor and I skied the Do-Its on Teton Pass and I subsequently showed up 3 minutes late, apologetic but beaming. I had completed the course in a more personal way on that descent, skiing with a newfound freedom and confidence. Back home, after the course, I spent too much time talking to people about skis and boots and deliberating which boards to add to the Quiver. I realized, at some point, that it had taken me, the Funhogs of Guiding-Land were ferrying me off into the possibilities of Year Round work. A new dimension of the mountains opened up for me.

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Happy students. Jere Burrell and Forrest Madsen in Four Pines, off piste at JHMR

My AIARE Instructor Training Course (ITC) came only weeks after my SGC and with it another road trip to the Tetons. I noticed a new level of confidence as I drove North this time. I had skied for 21 days straight at this point, but there was something else affecting my perspective as I watched terrain blurring by and imagined course curriculum playing out. Before the SGC, I was being held up by a belief in myself, relying on direct feedback from my experiences, and with few standards to go off. Post SGC I had a realistic understanding of not only my current skill set, but the skill sets I need to work on. It felt good to know where I stand instead of assuming I wasn’t worthy.  I-80 closed down for a second time on my way home and this time I couldn’t talk my way through the roadblock.

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Skiers on a bootpack, JHMR

After my SGC and ITC, the work I did on Avalanche Courses and Private Guiding were immediately a whole new Landscape with the professional development I had experienced. I moved groups through the same terrain with a whole new efficiency and direction. I saw the snowpack with a fresh perspective and used this to travel and teach more effectively. My own confidence dramatically affected my ability to provide more meaningful guided and educational experiences in the Winter Environment. This was one of those benchmarks in my continued education where I could see how the courses I had taken were truly shaping and supporting my guide work in tangible and effective ways. To put it simply, I felt as though “I had gotten my money’s worth”.

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Rob Hess POW skiing Wyoming Backcountry.


On my SGC Rob Hess had talked about Spiraling through the courses, building upon the three disciplines with intention. As I interpret it, we can see this is akin to Flowing through the Landscape when Shortroping and Tracksetting. You must continue safely using the right technique at the right time, mitigating hazards effectively, but a flow should be found where our movement isn’t hindered. In the case of Spiral Learning on my AMGA courses, I look forward to finding myself enrolled in the next course having applied myself in the meantime to the craft of Mountain Guiding. I look forward to being challenged and learning alongside other high-quality individuals. I look forward to watching AMGA instructors practice their craft. When I reflected on this spiral approach to AMGA education, I realized that I have been doing just that all along, instinctively. Even though I would like to think of myself as an expert in all 3 disciplines at some point, the truth is that I have a lot of work to do. With each course I have felt more confidence in my abilities and I am drawn to continued development, both personally and professionally. Even though it won’t likely be a direct route to the end point, I have increasing confidence that this process will provide me with exactly what I need.

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Jere Burrell in the whiteroom, Four Pines, JHMR

While the prerequisites for the advanced courses and exams hold us to a high bar, I now view the requirements as an invitation, rather than an obstacle. How fortunate we are to have the opportunities we do to design a life that continues to challenge us. And, how amazing is it that we are supported by this complimentary process that the AMGA offers. I am traveling the Sierras and Pacific Northwest this Spring with the goal of spending time on glaciers, mock-guiding friends and applying my skills to bigger, more complex objectives. I should hit about 120 days on my skis this season and I am already planning my year around the snow next season. I extend a great deal of gratitude to Millet and the AMGA for this opportunity I’ve had on this Ski Guide Course and I look forward to what’s ahead!


Colin Wann, Assistant Rock, Alpine and Ski Guide.

Climbing the Peaks of Fitness



Most people who are concerned with physical fitness – as we all should be – at one time or another begin the search for the perfect total body workout. Some try swimming, biking, machines etc., in an effort to find activities that engage, strengthen and tone multiple muscles group all at the same time. Well, for those who have joined our rock climbing classes in Denver the search is over. It’s that simple. Rock climbing is a physically demanding sport that pushes the limits of a climber’s strength, stamina, dexterity and balance. It is a total body workout. It is also a mentally grueling challenge as well. More specifically, climbing offers these benefits.12088521_1666747123542192_6440277129924123325_n

Muscle Toning and Strengthening: Rock climbing engages the abs, obliques, deltoids, traps, biceps, lats, quads, etc. In short, nearly all major muscle groups are engaged as climbers seek to stabilize, ascend, descend and suspend themselves from rock formations. Not surprisingly, rock climbers also have greater hand strength on average.

Increases Flexibility: Often, rock climbing requires that participants reach for and even leap to new handholds as they seek to make progress. This requires a great deal of flexibility.

Mental Conditioning: A rock climbing session is essentially like a game of chess only much more physical. Climbers must constantly think ahead and consider their every move. In fact, they must think ahead by several moves in order to mount an effective strategy to either ascend or descend a formation or wall. Rock climbing in Denver Co with Apex Ex will help visitors become better strategists as they join us on one of our adventures.

Burns Calories: According to Harvard Health Publications, a 155 pound person burns 818 calories an hour during an intense rock-climbing ascent and nearly 2/3 as much while rappelling.

Improves Coordination: Every muscle group must work together to make progress during a climb. To this end, rock climbing is an excellent neuromotor exercise that improves balance, coordination and agility.

Increases Focus: During a rock climb nothing else matters than meeting and conquering the challenge that lies ahead. This takes laser-like concentration and goal setting.

Finally, visitors to Apex Ex engage in other sports and activities as well, but few find them as challenging and as addictive as rock climbing. Biking, swimming and machines all have their place in toning and strengthening the body but rock climbing is one of the few activities that incorporate all the muscles of the body and mind while forcing one to set and meet mental goals. Join us at Apex Ex and find out what your capabilities are.



Be (over)Preprared


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Here at ApexEx, we get to meet and guide all kinds of cool people from all over the world. First timers to experts, we have the opportunity to share our beautiful slice of Colorado with a multitude of different people who are at a multitude of different skill levels. Which made me start thinking…what about when people decide to venture off into nature on their own? I talked to a friend of mine who is a wilderness enthusiast, smart guy and definitely not a pro-outdoorsman. I asked him for some tips for the average guy or gal and what he thought were the important things for a successful outdoor experience.While possibly overkill, I think he has the right idea and I wanted to share it with you.So, from my friend John:

I’m that guy-the guy who has way too much gear. “He must be new at this”, is what you’re probably thinking. Well actually, no -I’m not new at this. I bring all this stuff because I never could shake that Boy Scout motto: “Be prepared.”

I froze my butt off for 4 nights in a row once. Didn’t check the weather, didn’t bring enough clothes, and packed my summer sleeping bag. “It’s mid-May! How cold can it get? “I asked myself. Answer? 25, 28, 34, 31. My gear was good to 50 degrees, maybe 45. I kept kicking myself through all those sleepless nights – how could I not have been prepared for this?

I vowed “Never again!” and now have my LIST-and believe me when I tell you that I take all of this with me every time I start a new adventure. I don’t care if it is only a day trip, I don’t care if I think I’ll be back by noon – I bring them anyway.

Classic Ten Essentials

  • Map
  • Compass
  • Sunglasses and sunscreen
  • Extra clothing – hat for warmth and hat for shade or combo hat
  • Headlamp/flashlight
  • First-aid supplies –
  • DON’T FORGET the toilet paper (again I learned the hard way!)
  • Fire starter
  • Matches
  • Knife
  • Extra foodkalalau-may-2008-003

Updated Ten Essential “Systems”

  • Navigation (map and compass)
  • Sun protection (sunglasses and sunscreen)
  • Insulation (extra clothing)
  • Illumination (headlamp/flashlight)
  • First-aid supplies
  • Fire (waterproof matches/lighter/candles)
  • Repair kit and tools
  • Nutrition (extra food)
  • Hydration (extra water bring 3-4x as much as you think you’ll need. Ever had to cancel a weekend trip b/c the water source had dried up? I have.)
  • Emergency shelter – poncho/tarp/bivy bag / space blankets. You can freeze to death at 50 degrees Fahrenheit if it’s wet and windy.)


Maybe I’ve watched way too many “I shouldn’t be alive / the day I almost died”, but I’d rather be the guy that takes a ribbing for bringing too much stuff than be the idiot that  wasn’t prepared.